Cropston – a Brief History

An Overview of Cropston History

The suffix "-ton" is an Old English term for a farmstead, village or small estate.  This settlement may have been associated with a person named Cropp (Old English) or Kroppr (Old Scandinavian). †

Cropston is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, but appears as "Cropeston" in the Leicestershire Survey of 1130.

cropston-crosssroadsThe village (previously also known as Cropstone or Crapstone) originally grew around a crossroads near to one of the entrances to Bradgate Park (in the present-day Causeway Lane).   

Although Cropston was only a small hamlet, it was not completely cut off from the outside world.  We know that a former resident went to New England soon after it was first settled by the English in 1625.  Samson Shotton, a planter, was living in Mount Woollaston (Quincy, near Boston Massachusetts) in 1638 and seems to have maintained contact with his family back in Cropston.

The Thatch (left) and Corner Cottage. Each was originally 3 dwellings.The pace of change was slow.  In 1740 and throughout the 1800s there were about 26 houses in the village.   Most were either farm houses or very small cottages for farmworkers or framework knitters.

Picture:   "The Thatch" (left) and Corner Cottage in around 1900-1910.   Both were originally 3 small cottages.

cropston-reservoirThe landscape near Cropston was transformed when Cropston Reservoir was built between 1866 and 1871 to supply of clean water for Leicester’s rapidly growing population.

Cropston farmers lost large parts of their land.  The approach to Bradgate House from Causeway Lane was flooded.

Different types employment were available in the new waterworks.  Villagers worked as engine drivers, engineers, stokers and labourers.

cropston-chapelCropston has never had a parish church in the village.   It has always belonged to the parish of Thurcaston (more recently renamed Thurcaston and Cropston).

In the mid 1800s non-conformists were meeting in a house in the village and in 1879 Cropston Chapel was built.

rothley-stationIn 1899, Rothley station was opened on the Great Central Line and provided easier access to Loughborough, Leicester and beyond. 

Cropston's Main Street was renamed Station Road.

The character of Cropston changed as new large houses were built for professionals who worked in Leicester and wanted to live in the country. 

Between 1901 and 1911 the population grew from 191 to 345.

Gate House, Causeway LaneBetween 1922 and 1928 the Grey family sold off their Bradgate Estate.   This included a large part of the Cropston area.

The parcels of land between the original village and Rothley station were sold off for housing.

Between 1911 and 1931 the population rose from 345 to 909.


Picture:  The Gate House in Causeway Lane checked visitors using this entrance to Bradgate Park.




The village expanded further when Latimer Road was built in the 1950s and later Waterfield Road.


Cropston, with about 1200 residents,  still has a chapel, two pubs and a garage. Within living memory it has also had a butcher (with slaughterhouse), brewery, bakery, village shop and post office - the latter closed in March 2008.

The parish church and village hall are in Thurcaston.

† Information from Understanding Leicestershire & Rutland Place-Names by Jill Bourne.